The transition from 482 visas to PR
There are pathways to permanent residency through the TSS 482 visa. If you have a TSS 482 visa issued through the medium-term stream, you are eligible to apply for permanent residency if or when you:
If you meet the criteria above, your employer may be able to sponsor you for permanent residence through the:
Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 186)
Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (subclass 187)
TSS 482 visas obtained through the short-term stream do not offer a pathway to permanent residency.
There are four main pathways to transition from a 457 visa to permanent residency.
These options apply to applicants who held or applied for their 457 Visa before the 18th of April 2017.
If your 457 visas were lodged after the 18th of April 2017, different rules apply.
Applicants for this visa must be nominated by:
Subclass 491 Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa will replace the current 489 visas and commence November 16, 2019. The 491 visa is a skilled and point-tested visa. It has a 45 year age limit and requires a positive skills assessment.
Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) subclass 491 visa will enable eligible skilled workers and their families to live, work and study in designated regional areas of Australia for 5 years. Visa holders will be eligible to apply for a Permanent Residence visa after three years.
There are a number of pathways available to international students. Which one is right for you will be determined by a number of factors such as the qualification you have obtained, your English language ability, employment history, and various other requirements. The three most common visa options or pathways are discussed below.
Post Study Work Visa
Many applicants find that the Post Study Work Visa (subclass 485) is a suitable visa following their studies which is normally a two-year visa that has unrestricted work rights. It is available to applicants who have completed two years of full-time study in Australia for the award of certain qualifications (normally a Bachelor's degree or higher, but in some cases, applicants who have completed a trade qualification may be eligible for the Graduate Stream of the subclass 485 visa).
General Skilled Migration
Skilled migration is a program of permanent visas based on your skills and work experience which does not require an employer to sponsor you. There are a number of requirements which must be satisfied such as skill and English language requirements as well as a points test.
Points for skilled migration are based on factors such as your age, English ability, employment, and study history. In some cases, you must obtain a state government nomination to meet the requirements or to add points to your application.
The employer-sponsored pathway often involves a process of obtaining a temporary visa initially (subclass 482), then working towards a permanent visa after having worked in Australia for at least 3 years for your sponsoring employer. This is not always required – in some cases you could apply directly for permanent residence (186 visas), but often the employer prefers the TSS 482 visa transitional pathway.
When you move from your Graduate visa to a permanent work visa, there are two types of visas you can apply for.
The first is sponsored visas. To obtain PR on a sponsored visa, you must have an employer who agrees to sponsor you to stay in Australia, under the Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) – either the 186 or the 187.
The second kind of work visas you can apply for are skilled independent visas. These visas don’t require you to have an employer sponsor you, however, they do require you to undertake a skills assessment, and successfully pass a points test. Visas in this grouping include the 189, then 190, and the 489.
To apply for PR you must make sure
1. You’ve met your obligations on the 489 visa:
2. Ensure that you abide by the provisional visa conditions:
The Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190) is a points-tested permanent-residency visa to Australia. To get this visa you must be younger than 45 when you lodge your EOI. You should have obtained an accepted skills assessment. Make sure your occupation is listed in the occupation list. By the time of the application, you must be fluent and competent in English.
You must first submit an EOI for an Australian territory or state to assess your abilities and unique attributes. When you submit your EOI, you are not the only one. More people in your profession submit EOIs as well, so Skill Select scores and ranks your submission. You need to score 65 points or more to get nominated. You can only apply for the skilled nominated Visa (subclass 190) after submitting your EOI, and you receive an invitation to apply.
The Skilled Independent (subclass 189) visa has two streams:
To be eligible for the Skilled Independent 189 (New Zealand) stream, at the time of application you must:
Employer-Sponsored 186 visas for New Zealand citizens
For a 186 ENS visa, at the time of application lodgment, you must provide:
1. Evidence that you have at least three years of relevant work experience.
2. Evidence that you have a valid skills assessment in your nominated occupation if you are applying for a subclass 186 visa under the Direct Entry stream in any occupation (the skill assessment must be conducted by the relevant assessing authority listed in the list of eligible skilled occupations).
3. However if you are a subclass 186 or 187 visa and are in Australia as the holder of a subclass 444 or 461 visa and have worked with their nominating employer in their nominated occupation for the last two years (not including any period of unpaid leave) on a 444 or 461 visa in the period of three years before the visa application is made you will be exempt from providing a skills assessment.
PARTNER VISA OPTIONS
These visas allow Australians to live with their prospective spouse:
• Partner Visa: Important points & Requirements
• Partner visa (onshore 820 and 801)
• Partner visa (offshore 309 & 100)
• Fiancé (Prospective Spouse subclass 300)
• Relationship Register for Partners
• Partner Visa Costs
PARENT VISA OPTIONS
These visas will facilitate your parents to stay and live in Australia:
• Contributory parent visa (subclass 143)
• Contributory Parent (Temporary) visa (subclass 173)
• Contributory Aged Parent visa (subclass 884 & 864)
• Aged Parent visa (subclass 804)
• Parent visa (subclass 103)
• Parent Visa Application Costs- Australia Immigration
RELATIVE VISA OPTIONS
• Relative visa options
• Career visa (subclass 116 and 836)
• Orphan Relative visa (subclass 117)
• Remaining Relative visa (subclass 115)
• Aged Dependent Relative Visa (subclass 838)